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Chariton Panfilov
Chariton Panfilov

Reference Books Of Textile Technologies: Finishing [2021]

ForewordI am pleased to present the second in a series of four textile machinery technology handbooks that the ACIMIT Foundation is publishing for use in Italy.s institutes of textile technology.

Reference Books of Textile Technologies: Finishing

This handbook looks at machinery, accessories, auxiliary equipment and technologies relating to finishing, another segment in which Italy boasts companies of international prominence and advanced know-how. Naturally, the volume also contains references (as plentiful as they are essential) to textile chemistry.

Geotextiles, industrial textiles, medical textiles, and many other areas are examples of technical textiles, whereas clothing and furnishings are examples of consumer textiles. Each component of a textile product, including fiber, yarn, fabric, processing, and finishing, affects the final product. Components may vary among various textile products as they are selected based on their fitness for purpose.[4][7][6]

Textile finishing is the process of converting the loomstate or raw goods into a useful product, which can be done mechanically or chemically. Finishing is a broad term that refers to a variety of physical and chemical techniques and treatments that finish one stage of textile production while also preparing for the next. Textile finishing can include aspects like improving surface feel, aesthetical enhancement, and adding advanced chemical finishes.[11] A finish is any process that transforms unfinished products into finished products.[112] This includes mechanical finishing and chemical applications which alter the composition of treated textiles (fiber, yarn or fabric.)

Since the 1990s, with advances in technologies such as permanent press process, finishing agents have been used to strengthen fabrics and make them wrinkle free.[113] More recently, nanomaterials research has led to additional advancements, with companies such as Nano-Tex and NanoHorizons developing permanent treatments based on metallic nanoparticles for making textiles more resistant to things such as water, stains, wrinkles, and pathogens such as bacteria and fungi.[114]

Nonwoven Textiles presents an introduction to the characteristics of polymers, fibers and binders and the fundamentals of raw materials and web forming, bonding and finishing processes, without overwhelming the reader with detail. This text should prove useful to textile students who wish to merely become acquainted with the basics of nonwovens, as well as those pursuing a major concentration in nonwoven technology and engineering. Nonwoven textiles can also educate and serve as a reference for professionals trained in other textile disiciplines who have shifted their emphasis to nonwovens. This text should be useful to managers, buyers, customs agents, and others who encounter nonwoven terminology, processes, equipment and products in their profession.

Abstract:The development of textile finishing with improved functional properties has been a growing interest among industry and scientists worldwide. The recent global pandemic also enhanced the awareness amongst many toward improved hygiene and the use of antimicrobial textiles. Generally, natural herbal components are known to possess antimicrobial properties which are green and eco-friendly. This research reports a novel and innovative method of developing and optimising nano-emulsions using two combinations of herbal extracts produced from Moringa Oleifera, curry leaf, coconut oil (nano-emulsion 1) and other using Aegle marmelos with curry leaf and coconut oil (nano-emulsion 2). Nano-emulsions were optimised for their pH, thermal stability, and particle size, and percentage add-on. Organic cotton fabrics (20 and 60 gsm) were finished with nano-emulsions using continuous and batch processes and characterised for their surface morphology using scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. The finished fabrics were evaluated for their Whiteness Index, assessed for antimicrobial resistance against Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli) using AATCC 100 and 147 methods. In addition, fabrics were assessed for their antifungal efficacy (AATCC 30), tensile strength and air permeability. Results suggested that finished organic fabrics with nano-emulsions had antimicrobial resistance, antifungal, wash fastness after 20 washing cycles, and sufficient strength. This novel finishing method suggests that organic cotton fabrics treated with nano-emulsions can be used as a durable antimicrobial textile for healthcare and hygiene textiles. Keywords: Moringa oleifera; Aegle marmelos; organic cotton; nano-emulsion; antimicrobial resistance; antifungal efficacy; wash fastness

The water- oil-repellent agent reduces the wettability of cotton fabrics. The FC polymer film overshadows the functional hydroxyl groups of cellulose fibers and hydrophilic polar surface changes into the nonpolar surface. The total surface free energy of these fabrics is γSTOT

Textiles and Fashion explores the integration of textile design with fashion. It begins with a brief history of textiles, showing the links with technical innovation and social developments. It then focuses on the processes of textile design, including the ethical and sustainable issues around textiles today. The book also provides practical information on fibre production, dyeing and finishing techniques. Various surface treatments are explored, as well as the way in which colour and trend influences fashion and textiles.Through case studies and interviews, fashion and textile designers discuss their production processes and how they use textiles in their work. New to the second edition are exercises to help students to explore and further their knowledge of textiles and fashion. 041b061a72


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