Xubuntu Live: The Ultimate Guide to Downloading and Running Xubuntu from a USB Drive
Xubuntu is a community-developed, Ubuntu-based Linux operating system that combines elegance and ease of use. Xubuntu comes with Xfce, which is a stable, light and configurable desktop environment. It is perfect for those who want to make the most of their desktops, laptops and netbooks, featuring a modern look and enough features for efficient, daily usage. It also works well on older or less powerful hardware.
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Xubuntu is ideal for users who value speed, stability, simplicity, and customization over bells and whistles. Whether you have a high-end computer or an old machine, Xubuntu can provide you with a smooth and usable desktop experience. You can also tailor it to your preferences by changing its appearance and behavior. Plus, you can benefit from the Ubuntu hardware support and software repositories.
Downloading and creating a bootable media
To install or run Xubuntu on your computer, you will need to download its ISO image file and create a bootable USB drive or CD. Here are the steps to do that:
Go to the official Xubuntu website and click on "Get Xubuntu". Choose your preferred version: either the latest regular release (23.04) or the latest long-term support release (22.04). The regular release has newer features but shorter support (9 months), while the LTS release has more stability but older software (3 years).
Select a torrent or mirror site to download the ISO image from. If you know how to use torrents, it is highly recommended as it is faster and more reliable. Otherwise, choose a mirror site that is close to your location.
Select an image based on your system architecture: either 64-bit (AMD64) or 32-bit (i386). If you are use commands to install, update, or remove software. You can access it by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T or clicking on the menu button and selecting "Terminal". For example, you can use the command sudo apt install firefox to install the Firefox web browser, or sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade to update and upgrade your system.
You can update and upgrade your system using either the update manager or the command line. The update manager is a graphical tool that notifies you when there are new updates available for your system. You can access it by clicking on the menu button and selecting "Update Manager". The command line is a text-based interface that lets you use commands to update and upgrade your system. You can access it by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T or clicking on the menu button and selecting "Terminal". For example, you can use the command sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade to update and upgrade your system.
Advantages and disadvantages of Xubuntu
Xubuntu is a great Linux distribution that offers many benefits, but it also has some drawbacks. Here are some of the advantages and disadvantages of using Xubuntu:
- Speed: Xubuntu is fast and responsive, even on older or less powerful hardware. It does not consume a lot of resources or memory, and it boots and shuts down quickly.
- Lack of some features: Xubuntu does not have some of the features that other Ubuntu flavors have, such as a dash, a global menu, or a HUD. It also does not have some of the applications that come with other desktop environments, such as a calendar, a calculator, or a screenshot tool.
- Stability: Xubuntu is stable and reliable, as it is based on Ubuntu, which is one of the most popular and well-supported Linux distributions. It does not crash or freeze often, and it has regular security updates.
- Compatibility issues: Xubuntu may have some compatibility issues with some hardware or software, especially if they are proprietary or not well-supported by Linux. For example, some wireless cards, printers, scanners, or webcams may not work properly with Xubuntu.
- Simplicity: Xubuntu is simple and easy to use, as it has a straightforward and intuitive user interface. It does not have unnecessary clutter or complexity, and it follows the traditional desktop paradigm. It is also easy to install and configure, as it has a user-friendly installer and settings manager.
- Outdated software: Xubuntu may have outdated software, especially if you use the LTS release, which has older versions of the kernel, Xfce, and other applications. This may affect the performance, security, or functionality of your system.
- Customization: Xubuntu is customizable and flexible, as it allows you to change its appearance and behavior to suit your preferences. You can choose from different themes, icons, fonts, colors, wallpapers, etc. You can also add or remove panel items, launchers, widgets, etc.
- Community support: Xubuntu has a friendly and helpful community that provides support and assistance to its users. You can find answers to your questions or problems on the official Xubuntu website, the Xubuntu forums, the Xfce forums, the Ubuntu forums, the Ask Ubuntu website, etc.
Frequently asked questions about Xubuntu
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How can I switch from Ubuntu to Xubuntu without reinstalling?
You can switch from Ubuntu to Xubuntu without reinstalling by installing the xubuntu-desktop package. This will install the Xfce desktop environment and all the applications that come with Xubuntu. You can do this by using either the software center or the command line. To use the software center, search for xubuntu-desktop and click on install. To use the command line, type sudo apt install xubuntu-desktop. After installing the package, log out and choose Xubuntu as your session from the login screen.
How can I make Xubuntu look like Windows or Mac OS?
You can make Xubuntu look like Windows or Mac OS by changing its theme, icons, fonts, panel layout, etc. You can find various themes and icons that mimic Windows or Mac OS on websites like GNOME-Look.org or XFCE-Look.org. You can download and extract them to your /.themes and /.icons folders, and then apply them using the appearance settings. You can also adjust the panel size, position, and items to resemble the taskbar or the dock of Windows or Mac OS. You can also install applications that mimic the functionality of Windows or Mac OS, such as Plank (a dock), Albert (a launcher), or Variety (a wallpaper changer).
How can I enable or disable compositing in Xfce?
Compositing is a feature that allows you to have transparent windows, shadows, and other effects on your desktop. Xfce has a built-in compositor that you can enable or disable using the window manager tweaks settings. To access these settings, click on the menu button and select "Settings" > "Window Manager Tweaks". Then, go to the "Compositor" tab and check or uncheck the box that says "Enable display compositing". You can also adjust the opacity, brightness, and saturation of windows using the sliders below.
How can I change the default applications in Xfce?
You can change the default applications in Xfce using the preferred applications settings. To access these settings, click on the menu button and select "Settings" > "Preferred Applications". Then, you can choose your preferred web browser, mail reader, file manager, terminal emulator, etc. from the drop-down menus. You can also add or remove custom applications using the buttons below.
How can I get help or report bugs in Xubuntu?
You can get help or report bugs in Xubuntu by using various sources of information and support. Some of them are:
The official Xubuntu website, where you can find documentation, tutorials, news, and downloads.
The Xubuntu forums, where you can ask questions, share tips, and interact with other users and developers.
The Xfce forums, where you can get help with the Xfce desktop environment and its components.
The Ubuntu forums, where you can get help with Ubuntu-related issues that may affect Xubuntu as well.
The Ask Ubuntu website, where you can ask and answer questions about Ubuntu and its derivatives.
The Launchpad website, where you can report bugs, request features, and contribute to the development of Xubuntu.
Xubuntu is a lightweight and user-friendly Linux distribution that is based on Ubuntu and uses the Xfce desktop environment. It is suitable for users who value speed, stability, simplicity, and customization over fancy features. It also works well on older or less powerful hardware. You can download Xubuntu from its official website and create a bootable USB drive or CD to install it on your computer or run it as a live session. You can also use and customize Xubuntu to your liking by changing its settings and installing additional software. You can also compare Xubuntu to other Ubuntu flavors and decide which one suits you best. Finally, you can get help or report bugs in Xubuntu by using various sources of information and support.
I hope you enjoyed this article and learned something new about Xubuntu. If you have any questions or feedback, please feel free to leave a comment below. Thank you for reading!